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清如水明如镜的秋天要来了吗  

2005-08-23 08:59:34|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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秋天还没到吧,不过北京已经开始有清如水明如镜的天了。中秋节还远,到处却是高级月饼礼盒的促销了。想到十多年来要第一次在北京过秋天了,激动万分啊!

北岛的随笔集谈里尔克的<秋日>。这是里尔克最浅近和脍炙人口的诗吧。不过不懂原文,如何讨论翻译?英文译本就有不知多少种。挑选几种如下。

Autumn Day

Lord, it is time. The huge summer has gone by.
Now overlaps the sundials with your shadows,
and on the meadows let the winds go free.


Command the fruits to swell on tree and vine;
grant them a few more warm transparent days,
urge them on to fulfillment and then, press
the final sweetness into heavy wine.


Whoever has no house now, will never have one.
Who is alone will stay alone,
will sit, read, write long letters through evenings,
and wander the boulevards, up and down,
restlessly, while the dry leaves are blowing.

Translated by Stephen Mitchell,
"The Selected Poetry of Rainer Maria Rilke" (Random House)

主啊:时候到了。盛大的夏天已过。
现在用你的影子遮挡日晷,
让风在草地上自由自在。

命令果实在树和藤上饱满;
多给它们两个温暖透明的天,
催促它们快点成熟,再把
最后的甜蜜加注浓酒。

谁现在没有房屋,就永远没有。
谁现在孤独,就永远孤独,
就醒着,阅读,整夜写长长的信,
在大街上徘徊,来来回回,
思绪起伏,而枯叶乱飞。


 

另外的版本:

Lord: it is time. The summer was immense.
Lay your shadow on the sundials
and let loose the wind in the fields.

Bid the last fruits to be full;
give them another two more southerly days,
press them to ripeness, and chase
the last sweetness into the heavy wine.

Whoever has no house now will not build one anymore.
Whoever is alone now will remain so for a long time,
will stay up, read, write long letters,
and wander the avenues, up and down,
restlessly, while the leaves are blowing.


Translated by Galway Kinnell and Hannah Liebmann,
"The Essential Rilke" (Ecco)

 

Lord, it is time. The summer was too long.
Lay your shadow on the sundials now,
and through the meadow let the winds throng.

Ask the last fruits to ripen on the vine;
give them further two more summer days
to bring about perfection and to raise
the final sweetness in the heavy wine.

Whoever has no house now will establish none,
whoever lives alone now will live on long alone,
will waken, read, and write long letters,
wander up and down the barren paths
the parks expose when the leaves are blown.


Translated by William Gass,
"Reading Rilke: Reflections on the Problem of Translation" (Knopf)

Original German

Herbsttag



Herr: es ist Zeit. Der Sommer war sehr gross.
Leg deinen Schatten auf die Sonnenuhren,
und auf den Fluren lass die Winde los.

Befiehl den letzten Fruchten voll zu sein;
gieb innen noch zwei sudlichere Tage,
drange sie zur Vollendung hin und jage
die letzte Susse in den schweren Wein.

Wer jetzt kein Haus hat, baut sich keines mehr.
Wer jetzt allein ist, wird es lange bleiben,
wird wachen, lesen, lange Briefe schreiben
und wird in den Alleen hin und her
unruhig wandern, wenn die Blatter treiben.


-- Rainer Maria Rilke, Paris, Sept. 21, 1902

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